Accounting Technologies for Anti-Rival Coordination and Allocation

Digitalization transforms data, information, and knowledge as key success factors in the economy.

Digital goods – based fundamentally on digitally storable, replicable, and transmittable information – require redefining business models, altering operational structures, and adopting strategic change. In ATARCA, we focus on anti-rivalry to promote an efficient economy of digital goods.

For over half a century, economists have made a distinction between rival and nonrival goods.

Rival goods lose value when consumed, while nonrival goods may be used repeatedly, without losing value. In Nobel laureate Elinor Ostrom’s terms, the value of rival goods gets subtracted upon use; their subtractability is positive.

But, during the last two decades, there has been increasing indications that many information and digital goods are anti-rival in nature. Anti-rival goods gain value when used; their subtractability is negative.

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At the concrete level, ATARCA is creating accounting systems based on anti-rival cryptographic tokens to promote a more efficient digital economy. We are testing the tokens’ applications in three use cases and aim to provide an evidence-based foundation for anti-rival compensation and governance solutions.

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 964678. The content of this website does not represent the opinion of the European Union, and the European Union is not responsible for any use that might be made of such content.