Scientific publications

This page features a collated list of publications written and contributed to by members of the ATARCA consortium during the lifetime of the project. NOTE: Several conference papers are accepted, but have not yet been presented.

Journal articles (project results)

A complexity management approach to servitization: The role of digital platforms

Ville Eloranta, Marco Ardolino, Nicola Saccani

The use of sNFTs and anti-rival accounting in general increases the complexity of platform systems: the interdependencies between different actors are diversified in the areas of organizing collective creation and governing the resulting system. To maintain efficiency, increasing complexity must be managed. The study reported in the paper develops a conceptual framework to describe complexity management mechanisms in digital platforms’. In particular, it shows how synergies are allowed between complexity reduction and absorption mechanisms. The paper uses internet-of-things -based service business as a context, and the framework is directly applicable to anti-rival systems and ATARCA cases. International Journal of Operations & Production Management. Open Access Status: Gold.

Digital Protocols as Accounting and Incentivization Mechanisms in Anti-Rival Systems: Developing a Shareable Non-Fungible Token (sNFT)

Esko Hakanen, Ville Eloranta, Jarno Marttila, Sonja Amadae

Decentralized ledger technologies (DLT), such as blockchains, have been primari- ly designed to facilitate the exchange of unique, scarce items. This paper presents an alternative decentralization protocol based on anti-rival goods, which gain value in repeated use and are not confined by scarcity. We explain the technical approach behind the concept, referred to as shareable non-fungible tokens (sNFTs), and il- lustrate our argumentation by presenting a pilot case on supporting the community of Streamr–an open-source, decentralized platform for sharing and streaming data. In addition to introducing this new token standard, we contribute to the discussion on the design of decentralized protocols and the growth of digital commons at large. Chapter in: Seppälä, T., Mattila, J., Tomasz, M. (Eds). The Fifth Wave – BRIE-ETLA Collection of Articles, ETLA, 2023. Open Access Status: Gold.

What is a business model – for products, platforms, or ecosystems?

Hakanen, Esko

The paper presents a context-specific approach to evaluating business models. The mechanisms for value creation and value sharing are different in ecosystems than in traditional product-based businesses. Hence, the presented argumentation helps ATARCA in conceptualizing the pilot experiments from the business model perspective, emphasizing the need to identify systems of activities among a diverse set of participants. Journal of Business Models. Open Access Status: Green.

Transformative governance of innovation ecosystems

Totti Könnölä, Ville Eloranta, Taija Turunen, Ahti Salo

Transformative innovation policy has recently emerged at the intersection of innovation and socio-technical transition research. It has provided valuable heuristics to guide policy; but it has also led to the recognition of major challenges in the management of uncertainty and complexity. In this paper, we address these challenges by linking transformative innovation policy with research perspectives from (i) complex adaptive systems, (ii) ecosystems, and (iii) adaptive and participatory governance. In the context of ATARCA, Such perspectives connect to and inform policy making within anti-rival ecosystem building. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. Open Access Status: Gold.

Extensions of citizenship? Exploring digital, global and environmental citizenship education

Anna Björk, Claire Shaw

This paper explores how the classical dimensions of citizenship (access, rights, duties and participation) play out in curricula for digital citizenship. The results open up an additional dimension to the societal impact of emerging digital technologies (such as the ones being developed in ATARCA) and the way they shape human interaction and membership in communities. Postcolonial Directions in Education. Open Access Status: Gold

Overcoming data gaps for an efficient circular economy: A case study on the battery materials ecosystem

Rodrigo Serna-Guerrero, Sara Ikonen, Oona Kallela, Esko Hakanen

Efficient data exchange and utilization are fundamental for the development of industrial ecosystems. This paper explores the potential and requirements for facilitating a functioning data economy in an asset-intensive industry context: metals and mining. It was found that companies collect information that is relevant to other stakeholders but do not openly share, utilize, or combine such data at the system level. The incentives for more open collaboration are unclear, calling for more work on establishing new practices and strategies aligned with digital goods – such as anti-rival business models. Journal of Cleaner Production. Open Access Status: Gold

Sustainability transitions by ecosystem innovation

Joel Wolff, Maria Jakubik, Jaakko Siltaloppi, Lili-Ann Wolff, Esko Hakanen

In press, embargoed until October 2023. Chapter in: Idowu, S., Liangroung, Z. (Eds). The Elgar Companion to Corporate Social Responsibility and the Sustainable Development Goals. Edward Elgar, 2023 (in-press). Open Access Status: Green (embargoed).

Articles for conferences (not project results)

Forming digital commons: The role of signaling and sociology of translation in decentralized systems

Esko Hakanen, Ville Eloranta, Claire Shaw

This paper proposes signaling systems as a form of ecosystem alignment. Signaling systems support anti-rival accounting and incentivization, as they help to acknowledge and credit actions that are beneficial to the ecosystem and help the collective toward the shared goal. Signals are inherently anti-rival, as their supply is not limited, their value does not rely on scarcity, and their prevalence will instead increase the value of the signals. A well-functioning signaling system increases alignment among the ecosystem members. Presented in Academy of Management Proceedings 2022.

Sustainable Consumption: Political Economy of Sustainable Food

Sonja Amadae, Maija Harju, Ruta Jumite, Juuso Kortelainen, Marianna Laine, Shreya Sood, Sonja Sorri

The theoretical structure for this textbook were developed over the 2 years of the ATARCA project. We worked to develop a means to mitigate the environmental tragedy of the commons associated with climate change. We diagnosed that two problems to be solved are (1) the negligible impact each individual makes on the global atmospheric commons, and (2) the worry that others will not do their part in making sustainable choices. As well, individuals may not have perfect information about the impact of their consumptive choices. The ATARCA research project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. In: Aalto University publication series SCIENCE + TECHNOLOGY, 2023.

Aligning Ecosystems with Shared Logic

Annika Bengts, Ville Eloranta, Esko Hakanen

This study helps to understand the alignment between ecosystem actors and performed activities, referred to as the creation of ‘shared logic’. The shared logic provides an artifact to align value creation and sharing activities between the ecosystem members that is crucial for the growth of ecosystems or communities without centralized governance. Hence, understanding the shared logic creation further helps in redefining business models, altering operational structures, and adopting strategic changes that are required in ecosystem creation. In: Proceedings of the 31st RESER International Conference.

The Web3 Digital Citizen: Implications of Web3 for digital citizenship education

Claire Shaw

This paper uses qualitative content analysis to examine how Web3 is articulated in public discourse and identifies the main characteristics and technologies that distinguish it from previous versions of digitally-based interactions, finally identifying implications of Web3 for digital citizenship education. This paper contributes to a building a more focused understanding of Web3 and the educational implications of Web3 technologies, such as the cryptographic tokens used in ATARCA. Presented at ECPR General Conference, August 2022.

Journal articles – linked to ATARCA

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 964678. The content of this website does not represent the opinion of the European Union, and the European Union is not responsible for any use that might be made of such content.