Author: claire

What do we mean by data? – a moment for creative discussion at the ATARCA Untitled Session

At left a close-up of some of the data metaphors explored in the untitled festival session.

What if we looked at data as we do at water, sunlight, or currency? As digital data is a relatively new phenomenon, it is fruitful to consider the implications of treating it as we do the more established parts of our economic and social systems, such as labour, oil, and currency. This thinking exercise may highlight challenges and new questions about the position of data in our current economic paradigms, and societies, and what this means for anti-rival economic thinking. 

As part of the European research project ATARCA, Demos Helsinki held the policy dialogue session at the Untitled festival in September 2021. The session was geared towards imagining new metaphors for data and to discuss the social and political implications of an anti-rival economy. The principal investigator of ATARCA, Ville Eloranta, opened the session with a talk on market failures in data economies and data sharing. Through a data metaphor card exercise developed by Aalto University IDBM students, the session sought to playfully think about data and the anti-rival economy in imaginative ways. Below we highlight some of the emerging ways to conceptualize data:

Data as Sunlight

What if we think of data as sunlight? One observation that arose during the session was that data and sunlight do not get depleted when they get used by more people (unlike physical resources, such as minerals). However, the costs of using both data and sunlight do still create barriers for their widespread use. The resources, like time, technology, and education needed to process and effectively utilise data, mean that despite it being anti-rival in theory, it is not accessible to everyone. Because the economic cost attached to processing and interpreting data restricts many groups that could benefit from data from accessing it in current market structures, this creates major inefficiencies for anti-rival economics to resolve.

Data as Art

A metaphor that highlighted the social inefficiencies created by governing data through current market institutions and economic structures was the metaphor of data as art. Data, like art, gains its value to wider society through its use. However, to the individual owner of the data, there is little incentive to allow open access to their resource, as they know it holds monetary value. This often results in data and art being stored far away from where they can provide the most use to broad groups of people, with their owners waiting for a good moment to extract a profit from them.

As has been done for art in publicly open museums, subsidies and government support can create the open access to data that we need to fully capture its positive potential. The market failure created by conventional economic paradigms shows both the challenge and the potential that anti-rival thinking has in creating more efficient and desirable outcomes for society.

Data as Capital

By looking at data as capital, we can also see how access to data funnels powers into a limited number of hands, as does capital. This raises pressing questions about the relation of current economic models in shaping the way power is created and distributed, and how anti-rival innovations may have broader societal and structural impacts beyond their impacts on the economy.

These were but a few of the excellent metaphors developed during the data metaphor exercise and following discussion. The used metaphors highlight that access to data is connected to how the world in many ways can be seen as divided between the haves and the have-nots. Significant amounts of power and influence over the future of society and our material environment are controlled by large corporations. The discussion clearly showed the challenges of the currently dominant economic paradigm. The session was the first policy dialogue session of ATARCA. We will continue the research, experimentation and dialogue around the economic paradigms aiming to explore the potential of, and the conditions for an anti-rival economy based on distributed ledger technology.

ATARCA Newsletter 10/2021: Looking ahead to anti-rival experimentation

Welcome to the first edition of the ATARCA newsletter. ATARCA is an EU-funded project exploring the concepts surrounding and technology supporting an anti-rival economy. Since beginning the project in April, exciting things have been happening within ATARCA, as we explore potential and on-going anti-rival use cases, build shared understandings of data, and imagine an anti-rival future.

Most recently, we have been developing potential uses for an anti-rival economy and identifying the characteristics of tokens that would be used within those cases. In September, we met with our policy advisory board to further advance these ideas. As we move forward, our ideas on anti-rivalry and its social and technical requirements will continue to grow.

Read the October 2021 Newsletter here!

The EU must develop new policies for the data economy

By Anna Björk, Johannes Mikkonen, and Atte Ojanen, Demos Helsinki

The European Union’s focus on digitalisation

Digitalisation, continuously in progress, transforms the very fundamental structures of our economies and societies. On September 15, 2021, the European Commission published its State of the Union and, along with it, a Path to the Digital Decade. The EU wants “to be digitally sovereign in an open and interconnected world, and to pursue digital policies that empower people and businesses to seize a human centred, sustainable and more prosperous digital future”. This positioning is yet another opening for the Commission, and the EU as a whole, to link digitalisation with the sustainable green transition.

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Ecosystems and anti-rival goods: Continuous education

In June, Esko Hakanen and Martin Moravek served as guest lecturers in the course, “CAS Crypto Finance & Cryptocurrencies: How Blockchain and Bitcoin are Changing Business” at
Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts. Esko and Martin presented to an audience on the difficulties of data markets in contrast to “traditional” businesses, the possibilities of ATARCA to address these challenges, and the Streamr project.

View the presentations here and here. Feel free to contact ATARCA if you have questions on these presentations!

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